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Centre of Development Studies



Her recent research and professional responsibilities have focused on International development, politics of governance and gender relations. She is currently working for the World Bank as a gender consultant for the Pakistan Trade and Investment policy program. Prior to that, she worked as an evaluation consultant for the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Rome, Italy. She also worked as a gender consultant for the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), in Rome, Italy. The work focused on the evaluation of the development initiatives of these organizations with a focus on gender, poverty, institutional efficiency and economic growth. Prior to her PhD, she worked as urban economist for the government of Punjab, in Pakistan. She has also worked as a research associate for the Anti-money laundering project, for the World Bank.


Maryam is the paper coordinator for Paper 340, “Gender and Development”, part of the MPhil in Development Studies. Her current research focuses on the gender and trade interface, with a special focus on Pakistan. Maryam is also involved in research that examines the performance of performance standards and their correlation to bureaucratic efficiency. Her previous research in the Centre of Development Studies investigated the lack of good governance in developing countries, by examining the inability of the bureaucrat to ensure development which remained correlated to erroneous performance assessment and political alignment. Her recent academic and professional research interests have focused on good governance, institutional efficiency, civil service performance, performance measurement, gender empowerment and poverty reduction.


Key publications: 

Tanwir, Maryam; Fennell, Shailaja; Lak, Hafsah Rehman; and Sufi, Salman (2019). Not Accepting Abuse as the Norm: Local Forms of Institutional Reform to Improve Reporting on Domestic Violence in Punjab. Journal of International Women's Studies, 20(7), 129-153. Available at

Tanwir, Maryam and Sidebottom, Richard (2019). Now you see me, now you don’t.  Visibility in the Trade, Employment and Gender nexus in Pakistan. Journal of International Women's Studies. 

Tanwir, Maryam and  Khemka, Nitya  (2018) Breaking the silicon ceiling: Gender equality and information technology in Pakistan, Gender, Technology and Development, DOI: 10.1080/09718524.2018.1496695.

Tanwir, Maryam and Chaudhry, Azam (2016). Reforming a Broken system: A new performance evaluation system for Pakistan Civil servants. The Pakistan development review, volume 55:1 (Spring 2016) pp.49-72

Tanwir, Maryam and Chaudhry, Azam (2015) The performance evaluation in Pakistan’s civil service. Africa's public service delivery and performance review. Vol 3 (2) June 2015.

Tanwir, Maryam (2014). Gender Neutrality and the Pakistani Bureaucracy. Journal of International Women's Studies, 15(2), 143-164.

Tanwir, Maryam and Safdar, Tayyab (2013). The Rural Woman's Constraints to Participation in Rural Organizations. Journal of International Women's Studies, 14(3), 210-229.

Tanwir, Maryam and Fennel, Shailaja  ‘Political Neutrality and the Pakistani Bureaucracy: a mutually exclusive phenomenon?’ PDR Vol. 49, No.3, autumn 2010,

The role of Private Sector in rural poverty reduction in Pakistan. (IFAD, 2010)

IFAD’s contribution to Gender equality and women’s empowerment in Zambia (IFAD, 2010)

Determinants of institutional efficiency in development projects (IFAD, 2011)

Brief Series 1, 11, 111 and electronic news letter’s (available at

Teaching and Supervisions


Maryam lectures in the Centre of Development Studies on Gender and Development Issues and on the “Mughals in the Pre-modern India”. Her lectures in South Asian studies focus on the political economy of policy design and implementation. She has also worked as a Lecturer in Development Economics in the Lahore School of Economics for MSc and BSc students. She was the lecturer in Development Economics in Cambridge tradition program, 2012. She also worked as the MPhil Graduate Supervisor for papers 1, 2 and 3 in the MPhil in Development Studies.

Lecturer and coordinator for paper 340 “Gender and development”, Centre of Development Studies
Visiting Lecturer, MPhil South Asian Studies
Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Centre of Development Studies
Tutor for Certificate in International Development, Institute of Continuing Education, University of Cambridge
Masters in Economics (Government college), MPhil Development Studies (Cambridge) PhD (Cambridge)
Currently not taking PhD Students
Dr Maryam  Tanwir

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