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Centre of Development Studies



Director, SUMMA – Laboratory of Education Research and Innovation for Latin America and the Caribbean
Research Associate, Millennium Science Initiative in Social Sciences, (Universidad Católica de Chile)
Ph.D. and M.Phil in Development Studies, University of Cambridge
M.A. and B.A. in Economics, (Universidad Católica de Chile)
Currently not taking PhD students

Javier González is an economist specialising in education, inequality, social mobility, innovation and social development. He is Director of SUMMA and Affiliate Lecturer at the Centre of Development Studies, University of Cambridge, where he teaches Institutions and the Political Economy of Development. He is also a researcher at the Millennium Science Initiative in Social Sciences “Higher Education in Chile”, housed at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and financed by the Ministry of Economy of Chile.

Javier is also a member of the Think 20 research groups associated with the G20, a member of UNESCO’s Advisory Board for the Global Education Monitoring Report and co-editor of the Monitoring Report for UNESCO’s Educación en el Mundo (Education in the World) (2020) for Latin America with a focus on Inclusion. Finally, he is also a member of the International Advisory Group of Brookings Institution´s Centre for Universal Education.

He has been a consultant for UNESCO, the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), Advisor on Education and Innovation Policies of the Ministry of Finance of Chile, Executive Secretary of the Council of Ministers for the Formation of Advanced Human Capital, Director of Studies of the National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research of Chile, and researcher of the Ministry of Education of Chile, where he served in various positions of design and implementation of education policies. In his different functions, he contributed, among others, to the design of the Preferential School Subsidy Law, to the development of the Chile Scholarship Program, to the promotion of educational research centers (CEPPE and CIAE) and to the design of the Law of Tax Incentives for Private Investment in R+D.

He was also a member of the Board of Directors of Fundación Chile, President of the Cambridge Society for Social and Economic Development, delegate of the Working Group on Innovation Policy of the OECD, research associate at the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona and academic at the Institute of Economics, at the Universidad Católica de Chile.

He holds a PhD and MPhil in Development Studies from the University of Cambridge, and a B.A. and M.A. in Economics from the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.


His research is mainly focused on economic and social development, inequality, social mobility, quality of employment, innovation and education policy.

He currently directs SUMMA, a regional research centre, founded by the IADB and 10 Ministries of Education (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Peru and Uruguay). In this capacity, he leads comparative research across the region with a focus on education inequality, state provision, innovation, and social exclusion. As part of UNESCO's LATAM GEM report, he has coordinated research in 19 countries in the region.

He has been Research Director of the research project ´Social Mobility and Higher Education in Chile ́, funded by the Centre for Research on Educational Policy and Practice (CEPPE), Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, and the Centre of Comparative Education Policy, Universidad Diego Portales. He was also a Research Associate in the research project ́Quasi-Market Reforms in Education in Latin America: An Analysis of Policy Processes and Impacts on Inequalities and Poverty’ (CSO2011- 22697). This project is funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, and the European Commission, and led by the Department of Sociology, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona.

His most recent publications include:

· González, J. (2019). ‘The Political Economy of Inequality in Chile: Historical Institutions, Taxation and Elite Power’. En Anand, Comim, Fennell and Weiss (eds), The Oxford Handbook of BRICS and Emerging Economies. Oxford University Press (in press).

· González, J. (2019). ‘Divergent Trajectories: from the social mobility promise of higher education, to the labour market reality of its Graduates’. The World Bank. (In press).

· González, J. et al. (2018). ‘A New Deal to Finance LATAM Education: Promoting the Right Level and Distribution of Resources to Increase Quality and Equity’. Global Solutions Journal ∙ Volume ∙ Issue 3.

· González, J. et al. (2017). ‘Innovation in Education in the 21st Century’. SUMMA editions.

· González, J. (2017). ‘Putting Social Rights at Risk: Assessing the Impact of Education Market Reforms in Chile’. En B.S. Ndimande & C. Lubienski (Eds.) Privatization and the Education of Marginalized Children: Policies, Impacts and Global lessons. Routledge.

Teaching and Supervisions


Since 2014, Javier González lectures at the Centre of Development Studies on the core MPhil Paper: Institutions and the Political Economy of Development. He has also been convenor and lecturer of the MPhil paper 'Inequalities in Latin America' at the Centre of Latin American Studies, University of Cambridge.

Affiliated Lecturer, Centre of Development Studies
Title: The Political Economy and Institutional Foundations of Inequality, Social Mobility and Education Disparities: Essays from the Developing South
Currently not taking PhD students
 Javier   Gonzalez