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MPhil Papers

MPhil Core Papers

 

Optional Paper list

 

Paper 1: Development Economics

Co-ordinator: Dr Ha-Joon Chang

This paper focuses on: the goals and measurement of development; different approaches to development economics; the international economy, globalisation and developing countries; theories of the market and the state; theories of growth, structural change, and technical progress; industrialisation and trade strategies; poverty and income distribution; finance and corporate governance; and the development experiences of different regions.

Assessment is by means of one 4000-word essay and one two-hour examination.

Indicative reading:

  • Chang, H.-J., Kicking away the ladder: development strategy in historical perspective, Anthem Press, 2002.
  • Chang, H.-J., (ed.), Rethinking development economics, Anthem Press, 2003.
  • Kozul-Wright, R. & Rayment, P., The Resistible Rise of Market Fundamentalism, Zed Press, 2007.
  • Stiglitz, J.E., Making Globlization Work, Allen Lane, 2006.
  • Wolf, M., Why Globalization Works, Yale University Press, 2004.

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Paper 2: Institutions and Development

Co-ordinator: Dr Shailaja Fennell

This paper explores the role of institutions in human development. The course is devised using a wide canvas with the intention of exploring the manner in which institutions have been conceptualised and analysed across individual disciplines in the social sciences. The lecture course brings together theoretical perspectives alongside both historical and current evidence on the interrelations between institutional structures and social and economic actions. The course undertakes an institutional analysis drawing on concepts and frameworks provided by the disciplines of economics, sociology, political science, law and anthropology. The lectures examine the institutions of the state, notably the role of the bureaucracy and judiciary; societal institutions such as NGOs and social groups, customary norms such as culture and caste that affect human development. Individual lectures explore institutions such as the market, firm and the state, examine the perspectives of different academic schools such as New Institutional Economics, Marxism, Human Development and Capability theory on institutional changes, and give due consideration to how key development concerns such as poverty, environment and education can be examined through an institutional lens.

Assessment is by means of one 4000-word essay and one two-hour examination.

Indicative reading:

  • Chang, H.-J., Kicking away the ladder: development strategy in historical perspective, Anthem Press, 2002.
  • Fennell, S. 2009. Rules, Rubrics and Riches: the interrelationship between the legal reform and international development. Routledge.
  • Kabeer, N., Reversed realities: gender hierarchies in development thought, Verso, 1994.
  • North, D.C., Institutions, institutional change and economic performance, Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • World Development Report 2002, Building institutions for markets, World Bank/Oxford University Press, 2001, (http://www.worldbank.org/wdr/2001/fulltext/fulltext2002.htm).

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Paper 3: Sociology and Politics of Development

Co-ordinator: Dr Maha Abdelrahman

Paper 3 reflects the true interdisciplinary nature of development studies. It explores the social and political contexts of development theory and practice beginning with early economics-centred models before moving to later attempts to re-define development according to wider, more comprehensive criteria. The paper covers major theoretical traditions in development such as mainstream theories, the alternative models of the 1970s and human development as well as engaging with challenges to these theoretical models from critical quarters such as feminism, post-development and global civil society movements. More recent debates on the connection between democracy and development, the relevance of Islamic development models, the potential of corporate social responsibility in development, and competing approaches to controversial development questions, such as child labour, also form an integral part of this paper. The paper also critically engages with the future of Development Studies as an academic discipline and as a project.

Assessment is by means of one 4000-word essay and one two-hour examination.

Indicative reading:

  • Bayat, A., Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn, Stanford University Press, 2007.
  • Brohman, J., Popular Development: Rethinking the Theory and Practice of Development, Blackwell Publishers, 1996.
  • Chandhoke, Neera, State and Civil Society: Explorations in Political Theory, 1995.
  • Crush, J., Power of development, Routledge, 1995
  • Harrison, D. The sociology of modernization and development, Routledge, 1991.
  • Escobar, A., Encountering development: the making and unmaking of the Third World, Pluto, 1995.
  • Jolly, R., UN Contributions to Development Thinking and Practice. Indiana University Press, 2004.
  • Hoogvelt, A. Globalization and the Postcolonial World: The New Political Economy of Development, John Hopkins University Press, 2001.
  • Kabeer, N., Reversed realities: gender hierarchies in development thought, Verso, 1994.
  • Keane, J., Global civil society, Cambridge University Press, 2003
  • Keck, M. and Sikkink, K., Activists beyond borders: advocacy networks in international politics. Ithaca NY and London: Cornel University Press, 1998.
  • Lieten, K and Ben White (eds), Child Labour: Policy Options. Amsterdam: Askant, 2001.
  • Mamdani, M., Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism Princeton University Press, 1996.
  • Richard, P. Unholy Trinity: the IMF, World Bank and WTO, Zed Books, 2003.
  • Roberts, T.J. and Hite, A., eds. From modernization to globalization: perspectives on development and change, Blackwell, 1999.
  • Smith, B.C., Good Governance and Development, Palgrave, 2007. Wetherly, P.,Marxism and the State: An Analytical Approach, Palgrave, 2005.

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Paper 4: Globalisation, Business and Development

Co-ordinator: Professor Peter Nolan

This paper contains three sections. Section 1 examines the revolution in the nature of the large firm since the 1970s and the role that large firms have played in the globalisation process. Section 2 examines the multiple contradictions that have emerged during the recent era of globalisation, including the environment, inequality, finance, and the concentration of business power. Section 3 examines the prospects for global regulation in the light of the impact of globalisation upon the West, the Muslim world and East Asia.

Assessment is by means of one 4000-word essay and one two-hour examination.

Indicative reading:

  • Peter Dicken, Global Shift, 7th edition, London, Guilford Press, 2015
  • Peter Nolan, China at the Crossroads, Cambridge, Polity, 2004
  • Charles Tripp, Islam and the Moral Economy, Cambridge, Cambridge UP, 2006
  • Martin Wolf, Why Globalisation Works, London, Yale UP, 2004

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Paper 5: Cities and Development

Co-ordinator: Dr Graham Denyer Willis

This course deals with the configuration, practice and politics of power, broadly defined, in cities. With an emphasis on cities of the Global South and Latin America, we look to how cities are changing -‘developing’- via transformative processes in recent, contemporary and in-coming political moments. This course considers the relationship between citizens, the state and the market in ‘the urban’, delving into the consequences and disparate politics of the ‘slum’. Lectures combine theory and empirics, engaging and providing examples from contemporary urban concerns around the world and across questions such as race, globalization, sovereignty, violent groups (including police), and the restructuring of cities in a world of technology and social media. Literature provided here is indicative and subject to some change.

Assessment is by means of one 4000-word essay and one two-hour examination.

Indicative Reading:

  • Al Sayyad, N. & Roy, A. Urban Informality: Transnational Perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America, and South Asia. Lexington Books, 2004
  • Bateson, R. (2012). Crime victimization and political participation. American Political Science Review, 106(03), 570-587

  • Denyer Willis, G. (2015). The Killing Consensus: Police, Organized Crime and the Regulation of Life and Death in Urban Brazil. Berkeley: University of California Press
  • Friedmann, J. (2010). Place and Place-Making in Cities: A Global Perspective. Planning Theory and Practice, 11(2), 149-165
  • Goffman, A. (2009). On the run: Wanted men in a Philadelphia ghetto. American Sociological Review, 74(3), 339-357
  • Hayden, D. (1997). The power of place: Urban landscapes as public history. Cambridge: MIT press
  • O’Donnell, G. (1993). On the State, Democratization and Some Conceptual Problems: A Latin American View with Glances at Some Postcommunist Countries. World Development, 21(8), 1355-1369
  • Roberts, B. R. (2005). The Social Context of Citizenship in Latin America. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 1(1), 38-65
  • Roy, A. (2009). Why India Cannot Plan it’s Cities: Informality, Insurgence and the Idiom of Urbanization. Planning Theory, 8(1), 76-87
  • Scott, J. (1998). Seeing like a State. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

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MPhil Optional Papers

Although there may be some variation from year to year, the following have been offered in recent years or will be offered in 2017-2018:

Full Papers

Half Papers

All half papers must be taken with another half paper with the proviso that one module falls in the Michaelmas term and the other in the Lent term. Some papers may be subject to prerequisites.

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Dissertation

One full optional paper may be replaced with a 12000-word dissertation.

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Paper 13: Financial Organisation and Economic Growth

Co-ordinator: Mr Michael Kuczynski

Financing is an everyday ingredient in household life, in business activity, and in social choice or state action. Financing is also a key ingredient in open-economy national economic activity (see for example Ethiopia, Japan, or Venezuela today) How do financial institutions interact within those four components of economic life (households, business, state, rest-of-world)? How do the inescapable accounting links between those four components affect the interaction? Through what channels does economic activity drive finance and through what channels does finance drive economic activity?

Key ingredients

  • Keynes as an outlook on economic and financial analysis.
  • Financial institutions (money, banks, markets) and how they compete. Money-ness  
  • How financial competition constrains (or not) households, firms, states, centralized or decentralized  
  • How financing evolves with economic growth
  • The relationship between labour income, output pricing, resource prices, and financial returns
  • How financial activity is related to outcomes in the distribution of income and wealth
  • How financial activity is related to changes in technology and productivity
  • Meaning and elusiveness of optimality in growth, assets, and debt

 Approach

  • A mixture of elementary economics with open-economy historical illustration
  • Neither familiarity with modern finance theory nor with econometrics are required
  • Examples focus on: resource-riches versus resource-scarcity, US versus Japan versus China versus Vietnam, economic activity under bank-based as opposed to market-based financial systems, episodes of rapid economic growth (European post World War II recovery, Mexico and Brazil under import-substitution, India and East Asia, Ethiopia) episodes of crisis, financial organization and slow growth. 

This paper is assessed by means of two 4000-word essays.

Indicative reading:

  • Levine, R., 'Financial development and economic growth: views and agenda', Journal of Economic Literature 2, 1997, pp. 688-726.
  • Stiglitz, J., 'Financial markets and development', Oxford Review of Economic Policy 5, 1989, pp. 55-68.
  • World Bank, World Bank Development Report, 1989.

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Paper 14: Philosophical Issues in Economic Development: Ethics, Capabilities and Rationality

Co-ordinator: Dr Gay Meeks

This has now become a half paper for 2017-18. The course focusses on rival views about human welfare and the aims of development, with Sen’s work on capabilities and countering injustice a central theme.  It covers debates about happiness, rights, justice as fairness, opportunity, needs, equality and freedom, with incidental reference to discussions of motivation, reason and knowledge. The aim is for you to weigh up the grounds for alternative points of view and create your own lines of argument on some of the puzzles stemming from them, after critical analysis of short extracts that will be supplied from the writings of key authors (including Mill, Layard, Sandel, Williams, Nozick, Rawls, Friedman, Hume, Kahneman, Keynes and – most often - Sen).  No previous knowledge of philosophy or economics is necessary.

Please see also the Introduction to this paper in the Handbook.

This paper is assessed by means of one 4000-word essay.

Indicative reading:

  • Sandel,M , 'Justice:: What's the Right Thing to do?', Allen Lane, 2009 – or see his justice course at http://justiceharvard.org/justicecourse/ where you might try lecture 1 or 2 as a taster
  • Sen, A.K., Development as Freedom, Oxford University Press, 1999 [paperback edition, 2001], esp. Chs. 1-3
  • Sen, A.K,  The Idea of Justice, 2009, Allen Lane [Penguin paperback edition, 2010]
  • Meeks, Gay, ‘On Sen on the capability of capabilities: the evolution of an enterprise’, forthcoming in Anand,P., Comim, F. and Fennell, S., preliminary draft on SSRN (google SSRN, Jaqueline Gay Meeks,) 

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Paper 15: Education and Human Development 

Co-ordinator: Dr Tadashi Hirai

Education is one of the key dimensions of Human Development. But grasping its full meaning and reach is not an easy task. Education is an interdisciplinary field, ranging from philosophy of education and pedagogy to school management and impact evaluation of specific policy interventions. Within this context, the objective of this paper is to delve into key contemporary education issues relevant to human development. It builds on the education lectures offered within Paper 2. It starts with some foundational issues about the link between education and human capital theory and education and economic growth contrasting it with the literature on education and emotions. It applies important policy lessons from the Capability Approach to current debates on inclusive education, empowerment and quality of education.

Assessment is by means of two essay (5,000 words)

Indicative reading:

  • Biggeri, M., J. Ballet and F. Comim (eds.) (2011) Children and the Capability Approach. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Cunha, F and J. Heckman (2007) "The Technology of Skill Formation" American Economic Review, 97(2): 31-47.
  • Fennell, S. and M. Arnot (eds.) (2009) Gender Education and Equality in a Global Context: conceptual frameworks and policy contexts. London: Routledge.
  • Nussbaum, M. (2010) Not for Profit: why democracy needs the humanities. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Nussbaum, M. (2015) Political Emotions: why love matters for justice. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard Unversity Press.
  • Sen, A. (1999) Development as Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Walker, M. and E. Unterhalter (2007) Amartya Sen's Capability Approach and Social Justice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

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Paper 30: Justice and Development

Co-ordinator: Professor Barry Rider

This paper seeks to address, from a comparative perspective, a number of key issues relating to justice in the broad context of development. The study of these issues is primarily from the standpoint of those concerned with legal justice, but it properly comprehends relevant moral, social, economic and political considerations. It also has regard to the institutions and instrumentalities of justice and in particular the deliverability of justice in developing and transition economies. The paper focuses on the following broad areas: justice as a concept; the institutions of justice; specific legal issues in development such as stability, security, integrity, human rights and the environment; stability in financial systems; governance and transparency; the control of corruption; serious crime, and other destabilising factors including terrorism. Wider issues such as the impact of globalisation and technology are addressed in the context of these specific areas of concern. While the context is legal, no prior knowledge of law or its institutions is required or expected.

Assessment is by means of two 5000-word essays.

Indicative reading:

  • Allan, T.R.S., Law, liberty, and justice, Clarendon Press, 1993.
  • Clayton, M. and Williams, A., Social justice, Blackwell, 2004.
  • Eatwell, J., and Taylor, L., Global finance at risk, Polity Press, 2000.
  • Hinterseer, K., Criminal finance, Kluwer, 2002.
  • King, R and Kendall, G., The state, democracy and globalisation, Palgrave, 2004.
  • McLeod, I., Legal theory, Palgrave, 2003.

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Paper 31: Trans-national Criminal Justice and Development

Co-ordinators: Professor Barry Rider and Dr Frank Madsen

This paper provides the theoretical, legal and practical background to evaluate the importance of criminal networks in international relations. In the first seminars, the structure and operation of contemporary governance mechanisms, the nature of theoretical, criminal, and institutional theories, and the emergence and development of trans-national organized crime will be considered. The important difference between international crimes that are not the subject of this paper and trans-national crimes, which are, will be analysed. The course is inter-disciplinary and will repose on the consideration of human dignity in a Kantian sense as a theoretical and visible under-pinning of global justice. In summary: the paper introduces three worlds. First, The world of imaging or how scholars theorise trans-national organised crime; i.e. theoretical networks. Second, the world of fluxes or how networks obtain control of, transport, and commercialise persons and goods; i.e. criminal networks. Finally, the world of information; i.e. interdiction networks.

Assessment is by means of two 5000-word essays.

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Paper 43: Development Issues in Sub-Saharan Africa

Co-ordinator: Dr Shailaja Fennell

Though extremely heterogeneous, countries in Sub-Saharan Africa remain some of the most underdeveloped and poverty stricken countries in the world. This paper will combine historical and economic theoretical perspectives with an updated evaluation of current political, institutional, business and social dynamics.

The objective is to provide an appreciation of the wide variation in historical, political, social and economic sources of the SSA development paradigm(s) and to thoroughly investigate the prevailing discourse of problem diagnosis and policy prescription.

By explicitly linking practical examples and case studies to themes covered in core Development MPhil papers, such as Globalisation and Institutional development, this course aims to illustrate concepts and facilitate understanding of key development concepts without duplicating content.

Assessment is by means of two 5000-word essays.

Indicative reading:

  • Berendsen, B., Dietz, T., Nordholt, HS & van der Veen, R., eds, 2013, Asian Tigers, African Lions: Comparing the Development Performance of Southeast Asia and Africa, BRILL, LEIDEN • BOSTON
  • Chabal P., & Daloz, J.P., 1999, Africa Works: Disorder as Political Instrument, Indiana Univ Press
  • Collier, P., 2008, The Bottom Billion, OUP, Oxford Easterly, W, 2006, The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill & So Little Good, Oxford Univ Press
  • Juma, C., 2011, The New Harvest – Agricultural Innovation in Africa, OUP, Oxford, 2011ISAAA, 2013, International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications www.isaaa.org last accessed 15 May 0915
  • Meredith, M., 2005, The State of Africa, Free Press
  • Moyo, D., 2009, Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a better Way for Africa, Penguin, London
  • Ndulu, B.J., O’Connell, S.A., Bates, R.H., Collier, P., & Soludo, C., 2009, The Political Economy of Economic Growth in Africa 1960-2000, OUP, Oxford
  • Noman, A., Botchwey, K., Stein, H., & Stiglitz, J., Good Growth & Governance in Africa, 2012, OUP, Oxford, pp 51-175
  • Stein, H, 2003, Rethinking African Development, in Rethinking Development Economics, Chang, H-J (eds), Anthem Press, UK
  • WESTBURY, A., PAGE, J & ASSAN, J. 2013, Is Africa Rising or not? A discussion of economic opportunities and development challenges in Africa, April 25, 2013, http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/events/2013/4/25%20africa%20economic%20growth/042513brookingsagi.pdf

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Paper 50: Economic Problems and Performance in Latin America

Co-ordinator: Mr Michael Kuczynski

This is a course of seminars organized for those interested in the subject-matter; it is not necessarily taken for credit. The course covers the following topics as a set of interrelated issues in political economy which are characteristic of the region:

  • the international economic context
  • the region’s inheritance of administrative law and governance 
  • the impact of resource riches alongside dualism
  • public finance, decentralization, and national saving
  • doctrinal debates and economic management
  • economic growth and productivity
  • informality in economic activity
  • personal income distribution.

The following specific events and problems are also discussed in the course:

  • the general crisis in the continent over 1981-87
  • Mexico’s problems over 1976-94
  • Brazil’s relative stagnation since the 1980s
  • promise and problems of heterodoxy as against the so-called Washington consensus
  • the comparative performance of Chile, Colombia, and Peru
  • the Cuban economy since 1990
  • Venezuelan events since 1999
  • the narcotics economy
  • diversity of performance in Central America. 

Assessment is by means of two 5000-word essays.

 

Paper 340: Gender and Development

Co-ordinator: Dr Maryam Tanwir

The paper will explore the real world contexts of gender relations between women and men who occupy the lowest possible positions in a class hierarchy in developing societies. It will map the dynamics of gender relations against the backdrop of the realities of home and field. Using a multidisciplinary approach unique to the field of development studies, it will examine the gendered terrain of human nature.  Men and women both create and maintain society and contribute to development. They have separate and distinct (yet interdependent) roles, and they profit and suffer from the development trajectories disproportionately.  The paper will examine how development impacts men and women (at the bottom of the social and economic pyramid) in different ways.

 A survey of the extant literature on gender and organizations reveals that the focus is invariably on women, with gender issues being examined primarily through the lens of feminist theory. This course is unique as it views ‘gender’ as an issue that is relevant to both men as well as women and hence, will focus its analysis on men and women together. 

This paper will investigate if gendered behaviour can be explained by our biological and evolutionary roots. It will examine the role of gender on aggression, warfare and terrorism. It will retrace how development has impacted women and men from a historical, evolutionary, economic, political, legal, cultural and religious perspective. The paper will examine gender relations underpinning the organisation of informal networks in developing societies. It will aim to interrogate current power deficits that underpin gender relations and investigate their origin.

The main thrust of the course will be to argue that gender relations are core to ideas of development policy and implementation and that studying development through a gender lens is critical to understanding the dynamics at play in developing countries. The course aims to equip students with the theoretical and analytical skills required to understand gender issues in policymaking and development practice. 

The paper will be jointly run by Dr Tanwir and Dr Khemka who will hold weekly reading sessions with the class.

Assessment is by means of one 5000-word essay and participation in a bi monthly research seminar.

Indicative reading:

  • Fukuyama, Francis (2011) The Origins of Political Order: From Prehumen Times to the French Revolution (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux)
  • Potts, M and Hayden, T (2008) Sex and War: How Biology Explains Warfare and Terrorism and Offers a Path to a Safer World (Dallas, TX: BenBella Books)
  • Wilson, Edward (1978) On Human Nature (Harvard University Press)
  • Fukuyama, Francis (1998) "Women and the Evolution of World Politics," Foreign Affairs 77 no. 5 (Sept.-Oct. 1998).
  • Kabeer, N (1994) Reversed Realities: Gender Hierarchies in Development Thought (Verso, 1994)
  • Moser, C (1993) Gender Planning and Development: theory, practice and training (Routledge)
  • Nalini Visvanathan et al. (eds.) (1997) Women, Gender and Development Reader (Zed Books)
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Paper 400: Development of Central Asia and the Caucasus

Co-ordinator: Dr Siddharth S. Saxena

This paper addresses political, economic, cultural and industrial development in Central Asia, the Caucasus and also broadly in the connected realms of Eurasia. These contiguous regions and their neighbours are of both historical and contemporary significance. Central Asia has a mystical resonance in the world imagination carved by the writings of the Orientalists and the biographers of the Great Game. Following that, the Soviet period, in contrast to a millennia old ‘globalised’ connectivity of the region, signalled a substantial shift in political and economic systems and focused more on internal development. Region also became part of a larger structure of the apparatus of the Cold War. The recent dissolution of the Soviet Union and emergence of sovereign Central Asian and Caucasus nation-states has again pushed the re-set button. The new resurgence has given rise to high rates of growth in some of the countries, partly fed by discovery of the very large reserves of oil, natural gas and rare-earth metals, together with blooming agricultural production, manufacturing and transport hubs across all countries point to new development configurations in the 21st century. However some of the countries drastically lag behind.

Assessment is by means of two 5,000 word essays.

Indicative Reading: 

Turko-Persia in Historical Perspective (School of American Research Advanced Seminars) Robert L. Canfield (Editor), Cambridge University Press (2002)

E. Allworth, ed., Central Asia: One Hundred Twenty Years of Russian Rule, rev. ed. (Durham, NC: Duke U. Press, 1989)

Thomas Barfield, The Perilious Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China (1989)

V.V. Barthold and T. Minorsky, Four Studies on the History of Central Asia (1958)

Sally Cummings, Understanding Central Asia: Politics and Contested Transformations (Routledge 2012)

Nicola Di Cosmo, Ancient China and Its Enemies: The Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asian History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2002

Renee Grousset, The Empires of the Steppe: A History of Central Asia (1970)

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Paper 600: Food, Agriculture and Development

Co-ordinator: Dr Ksenia Gerasimova

Format: Half paper, 8 weeks, the course will be accompanied by seminars run by the newly formed CRASSH interdisciplinary group “Food: field to table”

Aims and objectives: the course intends through a complex and controversial subject of food to bring students’ attention to discuss how issues of international development interplay in practice. Through this specific issue we will discuss much broader dilemmas of sustainable development, such as balancing economic growth, feeding the world while conserving nature; spreading new technologies and sustaining local cultures; managing risks, advocacy science and restoring public trust in science. The aim is to show that these questions go beyond the discussion of global capitalism in traditional two-dimensional format.

Lecture 1. Introduction: Global Crises and Politics of Food

Lecture 2. Global Food Supply and Demand

Lecture 3. Different Systems of Production and their Economic, Social and Environmental Aspects

Lecture 4. Pesticides: Pros and Against

Lecture 5. Land Grabs for Food Production

Lecture 6. Food Labelling

Lecture 7. Malnutrition, Food Aid and Hunger Politics

Lecture 8. Food as Cultural Policy

Assessment is by means of one 5000-word essay.

Reading:

  • Allan, J. (2013) Handbook of land and water grabs in Africa: foreign direct investment and food and water security. Routledge: N.Y.
  • Bain, B. (2005) ‘What is Organic? Powerful Players want a Say’, New York Times. November 1, 2005.
  • Brundtland, G. (1987) Our Common Future. Oxford University Press.
  • Demarest, L. (2012) Food Price Rises and Political Instability. CRPD Working Paper N17 (Jan).
  • Desroches, P., Shimizu H. (2012) Locavore Dilemma. N.Y.
  • Food Advisory Committee (2002) Food Advisory Committee review of food labelling 2001.
  • Garnaut, R., Shutian G., Guonan M., The Third Revolution in Chinese Countryside, Cambridge University Press.
  • Heap, B. (2003) GM Crops and the Third World. In GM Crops The Scientists Speak. Proceedings of the 2002 Cambridge Conference on Genetically Modified Crops and Food, organised by the Cambridge Society for the Application of Research. Ed. By Brian J. Ford. Cambridge: Rothay House, pp. 79-87.
  • Huddleston, B. , McLin, J. (1978) Political Investments in Food Production. Bloomington.
  • Lang T., Barling, D. (2012) Food Security and Food Sustainability: Reformulating the Debate. The Geographical Journal. 178(4): 313-326.
  • Lockie, S., Carpenter D. (2010) Agriculture, biodiversity and markets: livelihoods and agroecology in comparative perspective. Earthscan: L.
  • Nally, D. (2014) Governing precarious lives: land grabs, geopolitics and food security. The Geographical Journal.
  • Nestle, M. (2006) What to Eat. N.Y.
  • Nicholson, G. (2001) The Food Chain. L.: Phoenix.
  • Madgof F., Tokar B. (2010) Agriculture and food in crisis: conflict, resistance, and renewal. NY.
  • Paarlberg, R. (2013) Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford University Press.
  • Perkins, J. (1997) Geopolitics and the Green Revolution. Wheat, Genes and the Cold War. Oxford University Press.
  • Roberts, P. (2008) The End of Food. Houghton Mifflin.
  • Ruttan V. (2004) ‘Controversy about Agricultural Technology: Lessons from the Green Revolution’, International Journal of Biotechnology, 6(1): 43-54.
  • Sharman A.R. (2005) Hunger: an Unnatural History. N.Y.
  • Shiva, V. (2012) Making Peace with the Earth. Beyond Resource, Land and Food Wars, New Delhi.
  • Smith D., Phillips J. (2000) Food, Science, Policy and Regulation in the Twentieth Century. International and Comparative Perspectives. Routledge: L.
  • Trueba, I., MacMilan A. (2013) How to End Hunger in Times of Crises, FastPrint.
  • Watson, J., Caldwell M. (2005) The Cultural Politics of Food and Eating. Malden. M.A.

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Paper 800: Anthropology in Development 

Co-ordinator: Dr Riall Nolan

This paper will be dealing with two interrelated matters: how (for better or for worse) does development “work”, and what can anthropology tell us about that; and specifically how can anthropology be used to improve the planning, implementation and analysis of development efforts. It is not assumed that students have an existing background in anthropology, however there is the assumption that students are interested in doing more than merely providing a “critique” of development.

Assessment is by means of one 5,000-word essay.

Indicative Reading:

  • Cooper, Frederick & Randall Packard 2005, “The History and Politics of Development Knowledge,” in Edelman, Marc & Angelique Haugerud (eds) 2005, The Anthropology of Development and Globalization, Malden, MA, Blackwell.
  • Crewe, Emma & Elizabeth Harrison 1998, Chapter 2, “An Intellectual Heritage of Development,” in Whose Development? An Ethnography of Aid, London, Zed Books.
  • Crewe, Emma & Richard Axelby 2013, Chapter 1: “Introduction: hope and despair,” in Anthropology and Development: Culture, Morality and Politics in a Globalised World, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press.
  • Crewe, Emma & Richard Axelby 2013, Chapter 3: “The social and political organization of aid and development,” in Anthropology and Development: Culture, Morality and Politics in a Globalised World, Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press.
  • De Haan, Arjan 2009, How the Aid Industry Works, Sterling, VA, Kumarian Press. (All)

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Paper 900: International Humanitarianism and Development

Co-ordinator: Professor Raymond Apthorpe 

This (half) paper probes and ponders the broad outlines of moral and material provision by inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations for humanitarian assistance and protection across borders. Despite all the controversies and contradictions that come with international humanitarian intervention and aid, and regardless of whether this is undertaken by civil or military means (or both), for those in need of help one thing is clear: it is the consequences of compassion that rule, not any grand narrative or some inner meaning. Humanitarian is what humanitarian does.

Full course details and reading list is available on Moodle.

Assessment is by means of one 5,000-word essay.

Indicative reading:

  • Agier, M.  (2016, English trans. by D. Fernbach),  Borderlands: towards an anthropology of the cosmological condition.
  • Allen, L. (2013), The rise and fall of human rights: cynicism and politics in occupied Palestine.
  • ALNAP (2016), The state of the world humanitarian system in 2016 [and other annual or biannual world reports, to be compared with those compiled by other agencies – Development Alternatives included and of course the ICRC and various UN and a number of independent agencies]
  • ALNAP (2016), Evaluation of humanitarian action.
  • Autesserre, S. (2014), Peaceland: conflict resolution and the everyday politics of international intervention.
  • Cramer, C. (2006), Civil war is not a stupid thing: accounting for violence in developing countries.
  • De Waal, A. (1997), Famine crimes: politics and the disaster relief industry in Africa.
  • De Waal, A. (ed.) (2015), Advocacy in conflict: critical perspectives on transnational activism.
  • Donini, A. et al (eds.) (2004), Nation-building unravelled: peace and justice in Afghanistan
  • Donini, A. (ed.) (2012), The golden fleece: manipulation and independence in humanitarian action.
  • Everill, B and Kaplan, J. (2013), The history and practice of humanitarian intervention and aid in Africa.
  • Fry, G. and Kabutaulaka, T. T. (eds.) (2008), Intervention and statebuilding in the Pacific: the legitimacy of ‘cooperative intervention’.
  • Fukui, K. and Markakis, J. (eds.) (1994), Ethnicity and conflict in the Horn of Africa.
  • Krause, M. (2014), The good project: humanitarian relief NGOs and the fragmentation of reason.
  • Kent, G. (2006), Framing war and genocide: British policy and news media reaction to the war in Bosnia.
  • Mamdani, M. (2009), Saviors and survivors: Darfur, politics and the war on terror.
  • Marriage, Z. (1988), Not breaking the rules, not playing the game: international assistance to countries at war.
  • O’Neill, O. (1986), Faces of hunger: an essay on poverty, justice and development.
  • Pottier, J. (2002), Re-imagining Rwanda: conflict, survival and disinformation in the late twentieth century.
  • Redfield, P. (2013), Life in crisis: the ethical journey of doctors without borders.
  • Simpson, E. (2013), The political biography of an earthquake: aftermath and amnesia in Gujarat, India
  • Wood, A., Apthorpe, R., Borton, J, eds. (2001) Evaluating international humanitarian action: reflections from practitioners (of which later first a French, then a Spanish, edition was published). 

 

 

We are delighted and proud to see that the Centre has gone from no.8 (2015) to no.6 (2016) to no.4 (2017) in the field of Development Studies in the QS Survey. This would not have been possible without the dedication and hard work from everyone within the Centre.

Message from the director: You will be pleased to know that we have moved up from 8 in 2015 to 6 this year in the QS world ranking for Development Studies. This is a remarkable result and a great tribute to the tremendous efforts of the whole team of teachers and administrators. It's a fantastic result! Professor Peter Nolan

Congratulations to PhD student Nungari Mwangi who was awarded the 2016 Andrew E Rice Award from the Society for International development!

Dr Fennell high level facilitator at WSIS 2016

We are pleased to announce that Dr Fennell has been appointed as High Level Track Facilitator at the World Summit on the Information Society Forum.